What Happened On This Day – June 13

  • 2002 The United States withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty

    The ABM Treaty was signed in 1972 by the Soviet Union and the United States. It regulated the establishment of anti-ballistic missile shields against nuclear missiles. Critics bemoaned the treaty’s termination for its potential negative effect on nuclear proliferation.

  • 2000 The leaders of South Korea and North Korea meet in a historic summit

    The talks were initiated by then President of South Korea, Kim Dae-jung. For the implementation of his “Sunshine Policy”, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000.

  • 1983 Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the central solar system

    The U.S. space probe crossed the orbit of Neptune, which at the time was classified as the furthest planet from the Sun.

  • 1971 The New York Times publishes the Pentagon Papers

    The secret study of the United States’ involvement in the Vietnam War revealed the government’s lies concerning the scale of U.S. activities in Vietnam and neighboring countries. Daniel Ellsberg, an employee of the RAND Corporation, leaked the documents to the New York Times, and he was later tried but not convicted of espionage.

  • 1950 South Africa implements the Group Areas Act

    The law assigned geographically separate residential and business areas for different racial groups, forcing non-whites from the most developed areas. It was a major pillar of the apartheid system of racial segregation and oppression.

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