1989 Thousands die in the Tiananmen Square Massacre
Using assault rifles and tanks, Chinese troops massacred unarmed civilians who had taken part in pro-democracy protests.
1989 Poland holds the first free elections after World War II
The landslide victory of the Polish trade union, “Solidarity”, marked the beginning of the Autumn of Nations, a wave of revolutions resulting in the fall of communism.
1984 Bruce Springsteen releases Born in the U.S.A.
The album was Springsteen’s most successful. It featured hits like “Born in the U.S.A.”, “Dancing in the Dark”, and “I’m on Fire”.
1917 The first Pulitzer Prize is awarded
Every year, the prestigious award honors outstanding journalistic achievements. It was established with money bequeathed to Columbia University by publisher Joseph Pulitzer.
1783 The Montgolfier brothers demonstrate the first hot air balloon
The flight of the Montgolfière lasted only about 10 minutes, but it secured the French inventors a place in the history books.